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Wednesday
Nov252009

Florence Nightingale: Causes of Mortality infographic from 1858!



Yes, from that Florence Nightingale (1820-1910), and it's from 1858!  The polar area diagram is also known as the Nightingale Rose Graph.

From Wikipedia,
This "Diagram of the causes of mortality in the army in the East" was published in Notes on Matters Affecting the Health, Efficiency, and Hospital Administration of the British Army and sent to Queen Victoria in 1858.


This graphic indicates the number of deaths that occured from preventable diseases (in blue), those that were the results of wounds (in red), and those due to other causes (in black). 
The legend reads: 
The Areas of the blue, red, & black wedges are each measured from the centre as the common vertex. The blue wedges measured from the centre of the circle represent area for area the deaths from Preventable or Mitigable Zymotic diseases, the red wedges measured from the centre the deaths from wounds, & the black wedges measured from the centre the deaths from all other causes. The black line across the red triangle in Nov. 1854 marks the boundary of the deaths from all other causes during the month. In October 1854, & April 1855, the black area coincides with the red, in January & February 1855,(*) the blue coincides with the black. The entire areas may be compared by following the blue, the red, & the black lines enclosing them.
Also from Wikipedia:
Florence Nightingale had exhibited a gift for mathematics from an early age and excelled in the subject under the tutorship of her father. Later, Nightingale became a pioneer in the visual presentation of information and statistical graphics. Among other things she used the pie chart, which had first been developed by William Playfair in 1801.
Florence Nightingale is credited with developing a form of the pie chart now known as the polar area diagram, or occasionally the Nightingale rose diagram, equivalent to a modern circular histogram to illustrate seasonal sources of patient mortality in the military field hospital she managed. Nightingale called a compilation of such diagrams a "coxcomb", but later that term has frequently been used for the individual diagrams. She made extensive use of coxcombs to present reports on the nature and magnitude of the conditions of medical care in the Crimean War to Members of Parliament and civil servants who would have been unlikely to read or understand traditional statistical reports.
In her later life Nightingale made a comprehensive statistical study of sanitation in Indian rural life and was the leading figure in the introduction of improved medical care and public health service in India.
In 1859 Nightingale was elected the first female member of the Royal Statistical Society and she later became an honorary member of the American Statistical Association.
Found this while reading the great FlowingData post "9 Ways to Visualize Proportions – A Guide" by Nathan Yau.

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Reader Comments (19)

nice info graphics, even-though i dont really understand the full article. but anyway, thanks for posting this.
September 30, 2010 | Unregistered CommenterSeattle DUI Attorney
Florence Nightingale had an amazing impact, including her pie charts, that has continued to inspire tens of millions of people around the world. To check out the article "Florence Nightingale: Mother of Nursing", click on http://bit.ly/agInhG
October 31, 2010 | Unregistered CommenterEd Hird
Nice information about Florence Nightingale! Florence Nightingale is a nurse during the Crimean War, where she tended to wounded soldiers. The love and care for her fellowmen gave her courage to do his responsibility as a nurse.
November 3, 2010 | Unregistered Commentergood beauty products
Great details about Florence Nightingale! Florence Nightingale who had exhibited a gift for mathematics .I admire her love to her fellow and courage…
Nightingale deserves great honor since she does not portray femme fatal but a loving and caring nurse who tended wounded soldiers. I looked up her with high regards, all because she exhibited a gift for mathematics.
November 23, 2010 | Unregistered CommenterDirect Mailing Lists
I would love to quote this, "In her later life Nightingale made a comprehensive statistical study of sanitation in Indian rural life and was the leading figure in the introduction of improved medical care and public health service in India."
Like Florence Nightingale, we should also set as an example. It should be our dream also that someday, we gonna bring and give impact to others.
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December 2, 2010 | Unregistered CommenterSales Training
I really love this blog post about Florence Nightingale. Nightingale believed that God had called her to be a nurse. She's a good nurse.

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December 8, 2010 | Unregistered Commenternatural health products
Florence Nightingale deserves recognition for her contribution so called Nightingale Rose Graph.
December 9, 2010 | Unregistered Commenterfun brain games
Nurse is a profession and doing one's duty is a ministry. Wherever Florence Nightingale assigned, she dedicatedly portrayed her duty. Definitely, she deserves to be apprecaited.
December 13, 2010 | Unregistered Commenterjewelry making kits
I really love this post about Florence Nightingale. Keep on posting useful information like this.
January 4, 2011 | Unregistered Commentergrow bigger breast
I really admired Florence Nightingale, especially her good deeds. Thanks for posting!
January 9, 2011 | Unregistered CommenterSEO Marketing
This is a very useful information. I'm impressed!
Thanks for posting this useful blog about Florence!
January 12, 2011 | Unregistered Commenternatural breast enhancement
She got an honor that she deserves. No doubt for it since she performed her duty responsibly.
January 13, 2011 | Unregistered Commenterjewelry10
Aside from her ministry, she performed well in her tasks as a nurse. She has a happy heart serving military. Sad to say, our nurses nowadays,are having a hard time to fulfill their duties since some hospitals are requires monetary services. How awful it is to imagine, to volunteer as a nurse yet you have to pay the hospital?
January 17, 2011 | Unregistered CommenterSEO Marketing
I really admire Florence Nightingale. She is a good person because she helps other people. Thanks for sharing information about her.
January 19, 2011 | Unregistered Commenterair cards for computers
You can find your purpose if you will find your happiness. Nightingale found her happiness.
February 24, 2011 | Unregistered Commenterjewelry making
It will be a good decision if Florence will come to a decision to use some of my products way back in her time. It will be very effective.
March 30, 2011 | Unregistered CommenterRemote labs
This is a very inspirational topic about Florence Nightingale: Causes of Mortality infographic from 1858. Thanks!
March 6, 2012 | Unregistered CommenterSEO services (50%)

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